The maritime shipping sector committed to the European climate policy.
In the context of CO2 emissions reduction by 40% from 2030 onward, the European Commission decided to implement a system of monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions from maritime transport. This system is based on the fuel consumption of ships whose voyages are within the European Union, to or from a port located in the European Union.
This system, similar to the one implemented in France since 2008 for industrials and since 2012 for operators of the aviation sector, is defined in Regulation (EU) 2015/757. The collected data will be subject to an annual report on ships energy efficiency according to their size, category and activity. Every couple of years, the Commission will organize an evaluation of the global climate impact of maritime shipping.
The due dates were very close: each player (maritime companies, verifiers and accreditation bodies) had to transpose, as soon as possible and at its level, the modalities described in the regulation. No later than 30 June 2019, each ship should have an emission declaration onboard, verified by a verifier accredited by a European accreditation body. Surveillance plans established by maritime companies, explaining the calculation methods of emissions for each of their ships, will have to be verified by an accredited verifier before 30 August 2017. From the 1st January 2018, the CO2 emissions reports established according to the monitoring plans will be verified by an accredited verifier as well.
Cofrac, as a national accreditation body, was asked to evaluate the conformity of the verification activities of verifiers, in accordance with European regulation.
Since the 1st October 2016, accreditation modalities for verifiers verifying surveillance plans and CO2 emissions reports for the maritime shipping sector are explained in document CERT CEPE REF 24.
« The novelty in this device lies in the role given to each player: surveillance plans are verified by an accredited verifier and not by the responsible authority of each member state. »
Cécile Cosson, Accreditation Manager, Certifications section.